By Committee to Review NASA 's Exploration Technology Development Program, National Research Council
In January 2004, President George W. Bush introduced the imaginative and prescient for area Exploration (VSE), which prompt NASA to 'Extend human presence around the sun approach, beginning with a human go back to the Moon through the 12 months 2020, in education for human exploration of Mars and different destinations,' between different goals. As stated within the VSE, major expertise improvement could be essential to accomplish the targets it articulates.NASA's Exploration expertise improvement application (ETDP) is designed to aid, improve, and finally give you the beneficial applied sciences to satisfy the targets of the VSE. This e-book, a evaluate of the ETDP, is extensively supportive of the cause and pursuits of the VSE, and unearths the ETDP is making development in the direction of the acknowledged targets of expertise improvement. notwithstanding, the ETDP is working inside of major constraints which restrict its skill to effectively accomplish these ambitions - the nonetheless dynamic nature of the Constellation application standards, the limitations imposed via a restricted price range, the competitive time scale of early expertise deliverables, and the will to completely hire the NASA team.
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Additional info for A Constrained Space Exploration Technology Program: A Review of NASA's Exploration Technology Development Program
It was also not fully shown how key performance metrics used to assess quality of effort will be analytically evaluated or compared to the state of the art in industry. Effectiveness in Developing and Transitioning: Yellow Flag The Constellation Program requirements that A4O technology seeks to address include five elements that focus on (1) control of automated functions, (2) fault detection and recovery, (3) integrated mission planning and analysis, (4) concurrent monitoring and control of three active space vehicles, and (5) the capability to return crew to Earth without ground communication.
It was noted that the thermal technology project is supporting the In Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) and Robotics efforts because they do not have thermal expertise. Again, while this effort is useful, it is at some level draining resources from one area to support another. The result may be better systems in those areas that appear to need them, but the cost is the lack of development of new thermal technologies. Finally, the technology effort is focused only on active systems. Passive systems are not part of this area of responsibility.
The use of this kit was not traded against other competing options, and it requires figures of merit. Alignment with the Objectives of the Vision for Space Exploration: Yellow Flag The performance benefit to the VSE and Constellation programs from the Structures, Materials, and Mechanisms project may not be fully achieved because of an apparent lack of specific requirements coming from the Constellation Program office. There appears to be little in the way of enabling technology in this project.