By N. J. G. Pounds
Such a lot writings on church historical past were involved ordinarily with church hierarchy, and with theology, liturgy and canon legislations. This ebook appears on the church ''from below,'' from the bottom stratum of its organization--the parish--in which the church construction is noticeable because the parishioners' handiwork, and as a mirrored image of neighborhood pop culture. The e-book discusses in flip the beginning and improvement of parishes, their functionality, and the church cloth that embodied the aspirations of parishioners.
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Additional info for A History of the English Parish: The Culture of Religion from Augustine to Victoria
The disintegration of both the royal ﬁsc and of the minster’s parochia was accompanied by another and no less fundamental change. There was a shift in the geographical pattern of settlement. 90 The former he tentatively ascribed to the Germanic invaders; the latter to the indigenous Celtic population. He equated the Domesday ‘vill’ with the nucleated village of the later Middle Ages and early modern times. He recognised that there had been change; that some villages had decayed and even disappeared, while others had come into existence.
The existence of individual minsters can be determined from charter references, from placenames, and from the obligations owed at a later date by one parish to another. On this basis Della Hook has compiled a map of minsters in the territory of the Hwicce, approximately the diocese of Worcester (Fig. 70 It is apparent that they clustered around the conﬂuence of the Avon with the Severn, thus foreshadowing the later dominance of monasteries and monastic estates in this area. It is no less apparent that they were to be found chieﬂy on the good soils of the valley ﬂoors, and that they were rare in both the forested lands of northern Warwickshire and over the Cotswolds.
Toulmin Smith2 was from the Middle Ages until late in the nineteenth century the basic territorial unit in the organisation of this country. During the Middle Ages there were in England alone some , parishes, but their number must remain uncertain for any period before the seventeenth or eighteenth century. Their geographical pattern was ﬂuid, as large parishes broke up and smaller and poorer merged with their neighbours. In origin the parish was a unit of ecclesiastical administration and pastoral care.