American Indians and World War II: toward a new era in by Alison R. Bernstein

By Alison R. Bernstein

The influence of worldwide struggle II on Indian affairs used to be extra profound and lasting than that of the other occasion or policy--including Roosevelt’s Indian New Deal and efforts to terminate federal accountability for tribes below Eisenhower. concentrating on the interval from 1941 to 1947, Alison R. Bernstein explains why termination and tribal self-determination have been logical result of the Indians’ global conflict II studies in conflict and at the domestic entrance.

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There may be some justice in the Indians' opposition to registration," argued the superintendent of the Ute agency.  Credit: Bettman Archives/Acme Photo. Newspapers in Indian country inadvertently added to the confusion over the relationship of Indians to the draft. One reader asked the editor of the Denver Post if the American Indian could claim exemption from conscription. "All Indians are exempt from conscription if they are living on Indian reservations," the editor erroneously replied. " 14 A few whites deliberately encouraged Indians to resist the draft.

One reader asked the editor of the Denver Post if the American Indian could claim exemption from conscription. "All Indians are exempt from conscription if they are living on Indian reservations," the editor erroneously replied. " 14 A few whites deliberately encouraged Indians to resist the draft. Individuals financed by the German-American Bund mounted propaganda campaigns to persuade Indians to oppose the BIA's attempts to register them. These pro-Nazi agitators focused their efforts on the Page 26 Plains Indians since, in a propaganda move, the German government had officially declared the Sioux to be Aryans.

All rights reserved. A. First edition. Page v To my mother and to the memory of my father, Robert Bernstein Page vii Contents List of Illustrations ix Preface xi 1. Indian Affairs on the Eve of the War 3 2. Indians and the Draft 22 3. The "Chiefs" Go to War 40 4. The Indian Home Front: A Study in Changes 64 5. The BIA Under Attack: An Agency in Search of a Function 89 6. Indians Enter the Political Mainstream 112 7. Postwar Uncertainties: The Warriors and War Workers Return 131 8. The War's Aftermath: Turning American Indians into Indian Americans 159 Notes 177 Bibliography 225 Index Page ix Illustrations Banning the Swastika, 1940 20 Papago Indians sign up for the draft 25 Members of the Iroquois Confederacy resist draft 29 Menominee chief, 1943 45 Indian women Marine Corps reservists 47 Private, First Class, Ira Hayes, at Paratroop School 51 Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, flag raisers 52 North Carolina Cherokee mother buying war bonds, 1944 69 Commissioner John Collier interviewed on the Indian war effort 97 Navajo family with their sailor son 135 A "Mercy Caravan" reaches needy Indians at Gallup, New Mexico, 1947 172 Page xi Preface Beginning in 1969 with the publication of Vine Deloria's Custer Died for Your Sins, there has been a continuing stream of scholarly monographs and popular accounts detailing the history of American Indians.

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