Amphetamines and Other Stimulants (Junior Drug Awareness) by Lianne Warburton

By Lianne Warburton

Amphetamines, together with crystal meth, are a few of the robust and addictive medicines to be had. Their illicit use has devastated groups far and wide North the US. This name explores the technological know-how and heritage in the back of popular stimulants, and offers information regarding dependancy and treatment plans.

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All of these drugs come in many different forms, strengths, sizes, colors, and shapes. Even though these drugs are prescribed by doctors, they also can be found on the street. Immediate-release methylphenidate has the highest street value because it is the easiest to abuse. Drugs such as Concerta were designed to prevent abuse. RITALIN KIDS: METHYLPHENIDATE’S USES Methylphenidate is used most commonly to treat ADHD. In the past, doctors observed that methylphenidate had a calming effect on overactive children.

If athletes are caught using drugs they can be disqualified or may be banned from their sport forever. The reasons for doping are different for every athlete but often include some of the following: • • • • • • Addiction Easy access to the drugs To improve the athlete’s performance Ego or a very strong desire to win Peer pressure or pressure from family, coaches, or the media To remain competitive with other athletes who are using the drugs Also, sometimes people take drugs such as stimulants without meaning to or without realizing that they are taking them.

Amphetamines have a powerful effect on the brain because they are chemically similar to the brain’s neurotransmitters. In fact, amphetamines can enter the axons of neurons just as dopamine and norepinephrine can. Once an amphetamine enters an axon, there is not enough room for both the drug and the neurotransmitter, so the neurotransmitter is “kicked out” into the synapse. When this happens, the neurotransmitter can bind to dendrites and start sending messages. Stimulant drugs also stop neurotransmitters from being taken up again into the axon for recycling.

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