An Introduction to Coal Technology by Norbert Berkowitz

By Norbert Berkowitz

An creation to Coal Technology thoroughly describes coal know-how study and improvement. Coal is a vital fundamental gasoline in the course of the international and examine has unfold from coal liquefaction and gasification to applied sciences for constructing fresh coal. The publication is split into components. half I makes a speciality of the formation and primary houses of coal. half II addresses fresh advancements and significant technical procedures comparable to the education and combustion recommendations of unpolluted coal, environmental administration of coal, and quickly pyrolysis. This moment version builds upon and updates the profitable remedy awarded in Dr. Berkowitzs esteemed 1979 ebook.

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2 Relationship between fixed carbon in coal and the nature of associated petroleum accumulations'1 Fixed carbon in coal (%) Carbon contents* (%) 70 65-70 86-89 83-89 60-65 79-83 55-60 75-79 50-55 71-75 50 71 Petroleum quality Petroleum and gas accumulations rare No commercially significant petroleum or gas pools Few commercial pools, but petroleum of excellent (light) quality; gas occurrences frequent, but small Principal (light) petroleum and gas pools in the Appalachian region Principal (medium) petroleum pools in Ohio, Indiana, and midcontinent states Heavy petroleum accumulations in coastal plains and in Tertiary unconsolidated formations "After Fuller [68].

Francis, "Coal," p. 50, 104. Arnold, London, 1961. R. Potonié, Z. Dtsch. Geol. Ges. 78, 357 (1926). A. Duparque, Rev. Ind. Miner. 6, 493 (1926). H. G. A. Hickling, Proc. S. Wales Inst. Eng. 46 (6), 911 (1931). -Th.

1) and has a vapor pressure corresponding to its adsorbed state. However, since most coals, particularly those of low rank, may also contain significant quantities of chemisorbed water and, in addition, begin to generate water by thermal decomposition at temperatures as low as 150-160°C (see Chapter 6), care must be taken that the conditions under which moisture contents are determined do not encourage formation of water. This is especially important when conventional heating is used on lignites and subbituminous coals : Even small amounts of oxygen in the protective atmosphere can in such cases form water by progressively abstracting hydrogen from the coal.

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