Archaic Societies: Diversity and Complexity Across the by Thomas E. Emerson

By Thomas E. Emerson

Crucial assessment of yank Indian societies through the Archaic interval throughout valuable North the United States.

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Extra info for Archaic Societies: Diversity and Complexity Across the Midcontinent

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These circumstantial associations seemed to generate confidence among Eastern Woodlands scholars that the artifacts involved were functional parts of an atlatl weapon assembly. Although the jury is still out on the subject, the one thing that is beyond doubt is that weights are not necessary for competent and reliable use of the spear-thrower as a hunting and warring device. Notably, none of the ethnohistoric or ethnographic atlatl examples on record involved use of a weight (Palter 1976); however, small “fetish” stones (often turquoise or hematite) 9 and related symbolically charged paraphernalia (usually animal teeth) were sometimes attached near the proximal end presumably to confer a spiritual, if not a functional, advantage to the operator (Palter 1976).

This is relevant because researchers interested in identifying early (indeed, the earliest) use of the bow and arrow will find this objective difficult to achieve if the bow and arrow was used in tandem with the atlatl system. Still, one can view this state of affairs from the perspective of the glass half full rather than half empty. ” It goes to the core, however, of what questions archaeology and archaeologists may be capable of addressing. , communal drives, netting, and perhaps even poisoning).

Even more problematic are the subtle, unexpressed biases inherent in the Western outlook. In particular, we argue that the concepts or, more accurately, the assumptions of the inevitability of technological progress and innovation and the accepted importance of “newer, better” devices are so ingrained in the Western world view that they have become the accepted scientific explanation for whatever archaeological phenomenon is thought to require illumination. Earth, Wind, Fire, and Water and the Archaic Landscape The study of climate change and culture-climate relationships has been an integral part of Holocene research for at least a century and was especially emphasized in the New Archaeology.

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