Archives and Archivists in 20th Century England by Elizabeth Shepherd

By Elizabeth Shepherd

Information have the aptitude to alter people's lives. they're 'a basic bulwark of our democracy, our tradition, our group and private identification' (National Council of Archives). they're created to permit the behavior of commercial and aid responsibility, yet additionally they meet the calls for of a democratic society's expectancies for transparency and the safety of rights. they're the uncooked fabric of our background and reminiscence. Archivists and files managers are the pros chargeable for making sure that those characteristics are safe and exploited for the general public reliable. This booklet seeks to appreciate how information and archivists in England constructed in the course of the twentieth century. the writer examines the political and legislative context, analyzes how archival associations built in neighborhood and crucial govt, and in companies and universities, and discusses the expansion of the archival occupation through formal societies and schooling and coaching. even supposing the publication specializes in twentieth century England, advancements are traced from the general public list workplace Act in 1838 via to the formation of The nationwide information in 2003. additionally, the writer in brief discusses the comparative improvement of information in continental Europe, america, Canada and Australia, thereby supplying a context for the historical past of English data.

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22 Before then historians had 42 (1996): 89–95; Tom Nesmith. ’, keynote paper given at FARMER conference, University of Wales Aberystwyth, 2006. 22 Sue McKemmish and Frank Upward, eds, Archival Documents: Providing Accountability through Recordkeeping (Melbourne: Ancora Press, 1993); S. McKemmish and Michael Piggott, eds, The Records Continuum: Ian Maclean and Australian Archives First Fifty Years (Clayton: Ancora Press and Australian Archives, 1994); S. McKemmish, M. Piggott, B. Reed and F. C.

After Sir Nathanial Lindley became Master of the Rolls in 1897, a Bill was introduced and, having excited little controversy or debate, passed into law in 1898. Local Records: Legislative Provisions and Proposals During the nineteenth century, legislation had a limited impact on local government records and archives. The Vestries Act 1818, which regulated vestry administration, required that ‘minutes of the proceedings and resolutions of every vestry shall be fairly and distinctly entered in a book’ and that the minute books along with ‘all former vestry books, all rates and assessments, accounts and vouchers of the churchwardens … and other parish officers, and all certificates, orders of courts and of justices, and other parish books, documents, writings and public papers’ should be ‘deposited in such place and manner as the inhabitants in vestry assembled shall direct’.

As departmental records flooded into the office, the Deputy Keeper, Sir Henry Maxwell Lyte, proposed that records back to 1660 be considered for destruction. After Sir Nathanial Lindley became Master of the Rolls in 1897, a Bill was introduced and, having excited little controversy or debate, passed into law in 1898. Local Records: Legislative Provisions and Proposals During the nineteenth century, legislation had a limited impact on local government records and archives. The Vestries Act 1818, which regulated vestry administration, required that ‘minutes of the proceedings and resolutions of every vestry shall be fairly and distinctly entered in a book’ and that the minute books along with ‘all former vestry books, all rates and assessments, accounts and vouchers of the churchwardens … and other parish officers, and all certificates, orders of courts and of justices, and other parish books, documents, writings and public papers’ should be ‘deposited in such place and manner as the inhabitants in vestry assembled shall direct’.

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