By John Cannon
Because the paintings of Butterfield and Namier within the Thirties, it has in most cases been acknowledged that eighteenth-century England seems to be atomised, left without total interpretation. next paintings on non secular modifications and on social gathering strife served to enhance just like a divided society, and within the final ten years historians of the terrible and unprivileged have steered that underneath the skin lurked mammoth well known discontent. Professor Cannon makes use of his 1982 Wiles Lecture to provide a distinct interpretation - that the common popularity of aristocratic values and aristocratic management gave a extraordinary highbrow, political and social coherence to the century. He lines the restoration made by means of the aristocracy from its decade in 1649 while the home of Lords used to be abolished as lifeless and unsafe. After the fantastic Revolution of 1688, the peerage re-established its carry on executive and society. Professor Cannon is pressured to problem one of the most loved ideals of English historiography - that Hanoverian society, at its best point, was once an open elite, always replenished via lively recruits from different teams and sessions. He means that, to the contrary, in a few respects the English peerage used to be extra particular than lots of its continental opposite numbers and that the openness was once a delusion which itself served a effective political goal. Of the prospering burgeoisie, he argues that the striking factor used to be now not their assertiveness yet their lengthy acquiescence in patrician rule, and he poses the ambiguity of a rustic more and more ruled through a landed aristocracy giving delivery to the 1st business revolution. His ultimate bankruptcy discusses the ideological under-pinning which made aristocratic supremacy appropriate for therefore lengthy, and the emergence of these forces and beliefs that have been finally to exchange it.
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Paperback version 1994
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Extra info for Aristocratic Century: The Peerage of Eighteenth-Century England
Professor Ogilvie's views on the dominance of a classical curriculum in the eighteenth century fit more naturally into my o w n explanation of the aristocratic character of that period. 35 ARISTOCRATIC CENTURY The education of the lower orders is outside my terms of reference, though it has a direct bearing on political relationships. It would be foolish to deny that many noblemen, and particularly their widows, founded small schools on their estates. However, the scale was limited, the education fairly rudimentary, and the supervision strict.
It would be foolish to deny that many noblemen, and particularly their widows, founded small schools on their estates. However, the scale was limited, the education fairly rudimentary, and the supervision strict. 2 In a tiny market town, nestling at the gates of the great estate, that was no idle threat. '3 When, in the 1790s, the upper classes discovered that humble people were reading Tom Paine in large numbers, they were right to be alarmed. Jonathan Swift, writing in 1728, was sceptical of the education given to aristocratic youths: From frequently reflecting upon the course and method of educating Youth in this and a neighbouring kingdom .
80 81 82 83 Cadogan's barony followed his success in dealing with the Jacobite rising of 1715 but he was also a political ally of the D u k e of Marlborough; Ligonier was of French origins and his m o t h e r and father were of noble rank. O n s l o w lost the Chancellorship of the Exchequer in 1715 and Sir T h o m a s R o b i n s o n lost the Mastership of the Great W a r d r o b e in 1761. / Sir R o b e r t Marsham was said to have paid £ 5 , 0 0 0 for the barony of R o m n e y in 1716 and H e n r y Bromley was reported to have paid the Countess of Y a r m o u t h (George II's mistress) for her help in 1741 in acquiring the barony of Montfort.