Avian Flu (Deadly Diseases and Epidemics) by Jeffrey N Sfakianos

By Jeffrey N Sfakianos

This carrying on with sequence explores assorted ailments to teach the technology in the back of how disease-causing organisms have an effect on the physique. Microorganisms have plagued people because the starting of time, inflicting debilitating illnesses or even loss of life. yet how, precisely, do those microorganisms infect and reason sickness? The books during this sequence research quite a few microbiological scourges that experience affected people in addition to the stairs which were taken to spot, isolate, hinder, and eliminate them. every one identify will define the heritage and coverings of the ailments, highlighting how advancements in prevention and therapy thoughts have affected the disease's impression at the international inhabitants. often referred to as the poultry flu, avian influenza is a sickness that after contaminated basically birds yet has bought the power to contaminate people with lethal effects.

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1 Viruses come in a variety of shapes, including icosahedral, helical, and spherical, which are illustrated here. q 3/6/08 8:57 AM Page 31 Molecular Structure of the Avian Influenza Virus the spherical virus and work together to promote entry into the cell. Similarly, helical shapes likely ease entry of the rhabdoviruses into a target cell. These viruses enter a cell by a mechanism called endocytosis. This cellular process involves active engulfing of various particles into the cell. However, the size of particles engulfed by this process are restricted in diameter, but not in length.

However, the evidence of antigenic drift in the H1N1 virus cannot rule out a progressive transfer of the virus between species prior to reaching humans. blues 56 3/6/08 8:59 AM Page 56 AVIAN FLU transmission of the deadly virus to humans by creating a situation where all three species are in close proximity to one another. It is not only possible, but likely that the H1N1 virus was first transmitted from a bird to a pig and then to a human. Once all eight of the virus components had acquired the ability to replicate and be transmitted by humans, the virus rapidly spread around the world.

One year later, in 2001, quails were found at be susceptible to the new strain of avian influenza and were also banned from the markets. The subsequent regulations took a more active role at cleaning the markets of avian influenza. An active bird vaccination protocol was implemented on all farms that contributed birds to the market in 2002. 2). The most THE CONFORMATIONAL CHANGE OF THE INFLUENZA VIRUS HEMAGGLUTININ GLYCOPROTEIN Much of the knowledge of virus entry, as mediated by the viral glycoprotein, is founded on experiments performed with the hemagglutinin molecule of the influenza virus.

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