Biographical Dictionary of Central and Eastern Europe in the by Wojciech Roszkowski, Jan Kofman

By Wojciech Roszkowski, Jan Kofman

Drawing on newly obtainable files in addition to memoirs and different assets, this biographical dictionary records the lives of a few thousand extraordinary figures in twentieth-century important and japanese Europe. a different compendium of knowledge that isn't at present to be had in the other unmarried source, the dictionary offers concise profiles of the region's most vital old and cultural actors, from Ivo Andric to King Zog. assurance comprises Albania, Belarus, the Czech and Slovak Republics, Hungary, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Moldova, Ukraine, and the international locations that made up Yugoslavia.

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Along with his collaborators, he provided accommodations, supplies, and safety to thousands of Poles; to Allied soldiers (French, British, and Soviet) who escaped from POW camps; to persecuted Jews and Yugoslavs; and, in the course of the westward movement of the eastern front, to refugees from Transylvania and Bukovina, as well as to those from bombed German towns. He saved thousands of lives. He collaborated with the Hungarian and Polish resistance, personifying these circles, which opposed Hungarian engagement on the side of the Axis.

He returned to German-occupied Warsaw, and then he went to Wilno (Vilnius), which was under Lithuanian rule. In January 1940 he came back to Warsaw and joined a leftist youth organization, Hashomer Hatzair (Young Guard), derived from a revolutionary wing of the Poale Zion Left. The Zionist program of the party was anti-German and proSoviet. The party was in favor of a Jewish kibbutz state in Palestine and recognized the annexation of the Polish Eastern Borderland by the USSR. Such an orientation was represented by Neged Hazerem, an underground newspaper founded by Anielewicz, who was also its editor-in-chief.

Arrested by the secret police in August 1948 and sentenced to fifteen years in a rigged political trial on 6 April 1951, he died in prison. (WR) Sources: Pos³owie . , vol. 1; Dzieje Zjednoczenia Zawodowego Polskiego 1889–1939 (Katowice, 1939); S³ownik biograficzny dzia³aczy polskiego ruchu robotniczego, vol. 1 (Warsaw, 1979); Karol Popiel, Na mogi³ach przyjació³ (London, 1966). ANTONCHIK Siarhey (1 April 1956, Pleshchenitsi, near Lahoysk), Belorussian trade and political activist. After high school Antonchik was a blue-collar worker in a Minsk tool factory, Belvar.

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