California Maritime Archaeology: A San Clemente Island by L. Mark Raab

By L. Mark Raab

San Clemente Island serves as a microcosm of California maritime archaeology from prehistoric via old occasions. The authors use findings from approximately 20 years of study at the island to offer a cultural heritage that defies many earlier assumptions concerning the coastal prehistory of the Pacific Northwest.

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Extra resources for California Maritime Archaeology: A San Clemente Island Perspective

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Even so, certain challenges remain. ). We reference such dates as they are reported. Dates for which we have sufficient information to derive a calibrated age are reported as years cal BC/AD, using the Calib (v. 01) computer program of the Quaternary Isotope Laboratory of the University of Washington, Seattle. Despite these caveats, published dates are useful indicators of broad chronological trends. Second, research on San Clemente Island during the last quarter century is supported by scores of radiocarbon dates.

Modern paleoenvironmental and archaeological research refutes this assumption (Raab and Jones 2004; Jones and Klar 2007). Changing SST has been identified by archaeologists as a major driver of marine ecosystem productivity in southern California, with corresponding influences on prehistoric maritime economies (Pisias 1978; Raab et al. 1995a; West et al. 2007). Arnold (1992), for example, correlated elevated SST with food crises in the Northern Channel Islands, helping to trigger the emergence of Chumash Chiefdoms (chapters 3 and 10).

This lateral boundary is increasingly irregular toward the south due to dissection by the Major Canyons. The Plateau is the second-largest island terrain area, covering 34 percent of the island. The Plateau contains archaeological sites of mixed character, ranging from small, apparently short-term camps to some of the largest, most complex sites on the island (chapters 6, 7, 10, and 11). Eastern Escarpment The remaining three terrains, Eastern Escarpment, Major Canyons, and Sand Dunes, are byproducts of other erosional, 30 / Chapter 2 Figure 2-5.

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