Captured Heritage: The Scramble for Northwest Coast by Douglas Cole

By Douglas Cole

The heyday of anthropological gathering at the Northwest Coast came about among 1875 and the nice melancholy. The scramble for skulls and skeletons, poles, canoes, baskets, banquet bowls, and mask went on until eventually it appeared that just about every little thing now not nailed down or hidden was once long past. The interval of so much excessive accumulating at the coast coincided with the expansion of anthropological museums, which mirrored the conclusion that point used to be working out and that civilization was once pushing the indigenous humans to the wall, destroying their fabric tradition or even extinguishing the local inventory itself. Douglas Cole examines the method of gathering within the context of the improvement of museums and anthropology. the most North American museums with Northwest Coast collections -- the Smithsonian establishment, the yank Museum of average heritage, Chicago's box Museum of common historical past, the Royal British Columbia Museum, and the Canadian Museum of Civilization in Ottawa -- have been excessive opponents within the race opposed to time. For the recent variation of Captured history, Douglas Cole has written a preface during which he outlines advancements because the book's first book in 1985. considering that that point, for instance, the Kwagiulth Museum and Cultural middle on Quadra Island and the U'Mista Museum and Cultural heart at Alert Bay were winning in having a few of their artifacts repatriated.

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Dall and George Gibbs, purchased the collection for $2,500. Gibbs had little sympathy for Fast, now ill and impoverished. 8 Fast's sale to the Peabody was an exception. Most personnel in Alaska picked up a few curios as souvenirs of their experience, but none capitalized upon their tours of duty with such thoroughness as Fast. For the most part the Smithsonian was fortunate in obtaining the voluntary services of government people and of its own correspondents and friends. One such correspondent, who worked in varying capacities for two decades and more, was a pioneer resident of Washington Territory, James G.

16 B A I R D AND SWAN B U I L D A COLLECTION The Smithsonian's interest in ethnology gave him another opportunity to make a mark in life. " There were problems to be faced. Ethnology was not like natural history where specimens belonged to no one and might be picked from land or sea without charge. "12 Henry was prepared to offer a small amount toward purchases, wondering if $50 would go any distance toward a collection. " So Swan's first curiosities went off to Washington. They included two skulls and some bark capes, followed shortly by blankets, more bark capes, two cradles, rattles, and basketry.

30 Despite these successes, Swan was disappointed at the results of the first ten days of his cruise. The material hardly matched his expectations. " He hoped to do better at Sitka, Taku, and the Chilkat, but "unless I find better places than I have yet seen," he would have to "rely more upon Dr Powell & the Chief Factor of the H. B co. "31 Certainly the cutter was not a perfect instrument. Captain Scammon was sick and confined to his cabin and the ship had its own customs-enforcement business which illmatched Swan's purposes.

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