By Sami Matar Ph.D., Lewis F. Hatch Ph.D.
In Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes, readers discover a convenient and useful resource of knowledge containing insights into petrochemical reactions and items, strategy expertise, and polymer synthesis. The booklet experiences and describes the reactions and strategies keen on reworking petroleum-based hydrocarbons into the chemical substances that shape the root of the multi-billion buck petrochemical undefined. additionally, the publication comprises details on new strategy advancements for the construction of uncooked fabrics and intermediates for petrochemicals that experience surfaced because the book's first edition.
- Provides a brief realizing of the chemical reactions linked to oil and gasoline processing
- Contains insights into petrochemical reactions and items, strategy expertise, and polymer synthesis
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Additional resources for Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes
16. Krishna, A. S. , “Additives Improve FCC Process,” Hydrocarbon Processing, Vol. 70, No. 11, 1991, pp. 59–66. Chapter 3 1/22/01 10:58 AM Page 49 CHAPTER THREE Crude Oil Processing and Production of Hydrocarbon Intermediates INTRODUCTION The hydrocarbon intermediates referred to in the previous chapter are produced by subjecting crude oils to various processing schemes. These include a primary distillation step to separate the crude oil complex mixture into simpler fractions. These fractions are primarily used as fuels.
However, these compounds are the precursors for olefins through cracking processes. The C6–C9 paraffins and cycloparaffins are especially important for the production of aromatics through reforming. This section reviews some of the physical and chemical properties of C1–C4 paraffins. Long-chain paraffins normally present as mixtures with other hydrocarbon types in different petroleum fractions are discussed later in this chapter. 000 METHANE (CH4) Methane is the first member of the alkane series and is the main component of natural gas.
Important coal ranks are anthracite (which has been subjected to the most chemical change and is mostly carbon), bituminous coal, sub-bituminous coal, and lignite. 23 During the late seventies and early eighties, when oil prices rose after the 1973 war, extensive research was done to change coal to liquid hydrocarbons. However, coal-derived hydrocarbons were more expensive than crude oils. Another way to use coal is through gasification to a fuel gas mixture of CO and H2 (medium Btu gas). This gas mixture could be used as a fuel or as a synthesis gas mixture for the production of fuels and chemicals via a Fischer Tropsch synthesis route.