Chiefs of the Sea and Sky: Haida Heritage Sites of the Queen by George F. MacDonald

By George F. MacDonald

In 1966 the nationwide Museum of guy introduced a huge software of prehistoric study at the northern coast of British Columbia, a undertaking which was once conducted over twenty years. a massive a part of that software used to be the mapping and recording of the most important villages of the Haida at the Queen Charlotte Islands. In "Chiefs of the ocean and sky", archaeologist George F. MacDonald offers an outline of this broad study at the Haida. He recounts the background of eighteen of the most important villages, telling the tale in their humans and describing the location in their homes and different identified buildings. In his creation, he explains how the Haida's substantial cedar homes and totem poles are a part of a desirable non secular and fabric tradition which integrates kin, historical past, ritual and method. the varied old photos which accompany the textual content illustrate the richness and diversity of Haida sculpture; they exhibit the villages on the peak in their glory within the Eighties and Nineties and of their next and tragic decay. "George F. MacDonald is Director of the Canadian Museum of Civilization. he's the writer of "Haida enormous artwork.

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Their crews were made prisoner and later taken to Fort Simpson, where they were ransomed by the Hudson's Bay Company. The Skidegate chiefs made considerable money in the brief gold rush and from the ransom of the sailors. This windfall led to a flurry of raising new poles and building new houses. It also culminated in a bad reputation for the people of Skidegate, with the result that no ships visited them for some time. The lack of trading contacts bothered the Haida, and in 1853 five hundred villagers left the Islands to see for themselves the growing settlements of Victoria and Nanaimo.

Ninstints is the earliest recorded Haida town of the southern Queen Charlotte Islands. Ships' logs from the early sea otter trade provide many details about it and its inhabitants. Captain George Dixon mentioned the Kunghit Haida of Anthony Island in his journal for 24 July 1787, when eleven canoes came out to trade with his ship. By that time they were evidently already accustomed to the idea of trade with Europeans, since they showed no fear and brought skins to trade. 6. 56 1941:97). A visit by the same ship later in 1789, then commanded by Captain John Kendrick, witnessed growing tension between the Kunghit Haida and the white traders.

The only mortuary in the village also stood in front of this house. Kaisun was deserted by the mid-1870s. Above Base of the frontal pole for House Upon Which Are Clouds, owned by Chief Skotsgai. The crest is a beaver. Note the frogs in its ears and the potlatch cylinders, records of feasts given by Skotsgai, above its head.

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